Ed Ruscha (b. 1937) is internationally recognized as one of the most important American artists associated with the Pop Art movement. An interdisciplinary artist, Ruscha works in painting, printmaking, film, photography, drawing, and artist books. He rose to prominence in the 1960s, known widely for his work that incorporates text and his stylized representations of Hollywood logos and gas stations. Influenced by the irreverent sensibility of Pop Art, his work employs themes of urbanity, banality, and mass production.
Born in Omaha, NE, and raised in Oklahoma City, OK, Ruscha moved to Los Angeles in 1956 to study at Chouinard Art Institute. The Ferus Gallery held his first solo exhibition in 1963, and his work has since been the subject of numerous museum retrospectives, organized by Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, DC; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA; and the Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. Other exhibitions have been held at Brandhorst Museum, Munich; The Getty Center, LA; Hammer Museum, LA; Hayward Gallery, London; Haus der Kunst, Munich; Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria; Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LA; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, TX; and Musée National Jeu de Paume, Paris. He represented the US at the 51st Venice Biennale. His work is in most major museum collections.