Jim Dine (b. 1935 Cincinnati, OH) is an American artist affiliated with the Pop Art movement and the Neo-Dada movement, working across painting, photography, printmaking, and sculpture often repeats motifs like hearts, robes, and other everyday objects.
Dine was born and raised in Ohio, where he took classes at the Art Academy of Cincinnati while finishing high school. He then pursued a fine art degree at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and ultimately received a BFA from Ohio University in 1957. Soon after graduation, he moved to New York City and began exhibiting his work. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, alongside Allan Kaprow, Red Grooms, Claes Oldenburg, and Robert Whitman, he popularized the “happenings” movement and often developed work related to his performances. His suite of prints The Crash (1960), for example, refer to the drawings incorporated into a happening of the same name and year.
In his print practice, Dine frequently combines intaglio, lithography, woodcut, and screen-print. He is often associated with the development of the Pop Art movement in the 1960s mainly for his use of ordinary objects in his works such as rope, shoes, clothing, and tools. Alluding to them as his personal possessions, Dine isolates these objects and suggests their private meanings. Dine himself eschews the Pop art label because he emphasizes a hands-on, gestural, and expressive manner in his work rather than the mechanical, impersonal characteristics assigned to Pop Art.
Dine has been a part of major retrospectives at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. His work is held in the collections of the British Museum, London; the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; the Honolulu Museum of Art; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the San Francisco Museum of Art, California; Tate Modern, London; and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.