Richard Serra (b. 1939) is one of the world’s best known post-minimalist sculptors and was essential to the Process Art movement. Famous for his massive yet simple constructions made of industrial materials, typically Cor-ten steel, his innovative approach to sculpture emphasizes weight, materiality, time, and relationship between the viewer and the work or site. Serra is also well-known for his prints, of which he has produced 170 since 1972. He worked primarily with ink, charcoal, and lithographic crayon before focusing on the paintstick, which allows for him to similarly convey a sense of weight and instability rendered in his sculpture.
Born in San Francisco, CA, Serra graduated from Yale University’s School of Art and Architecture in 1964, and moved to New York in 1966, where he began experimenting with unconventional sculptural materials. He is best known for his free-standing works made from sheets or large rolls of metal, which are often site-specific. A well know example is Snake (1994-7), comprised of three curving sheets of steel that wind through the largest gallery in the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain. In addition to sculpture, Serra has made over 150 prints and experimented with video art, often dealing with steel, as well.
In 2007, Serra was the subject of a major retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern art in New York, which featured Intersection II (1992-3) and Torqued Ellipse IV (1998) two of his best known works, as well as new, site-specific installations. Serra’s Torqued Ellipses are also permanently installed at Dia:Beacon in New York.