Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) was celebrated as an early Pop artist for “combine” paintings incorporating common objects and photographs on surfaces. A prolific printmaker, he is one of the best known Post-War American artists, working in a variety of media including painting, printmaking, photography, and performance.
Born in Port Arthur, Texas, Rauschenberg attended Black Mountain College in the late 1940s, where he studied under Josef Albers, experimenting with blueprints and unique, action-related works. He moved to New York in 1949 and continued his education at the Art Students League. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Rauschenberg developed a signature style of Abstract Expressionism and “Neo-Dada” in combining objects and painting. He began workshop printing in 1962 at Universal Limited Art Editions, incorporating silkscreened images into his paintings. He has created over 745 prints and multiples.
In 1964 Rauschenberg became the first American ever to win the Grand Prize at the Venice Biennale. Since then he has had major exhibitions at the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX, Centre Pompidou – Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. In 1994, Mary Ryan Gallery held “Stoned Moon,” exhibiting Rauschenberg’s lithographs and collages based on his invitation by NASA to attend the Apollo 11 launch in 1969.